France and India adopt Joint Roadmap on Green Hydrogen
It aims to bring the French and Indian hydrogen ecosystems together in order to establish a reliable and sustainable value chain for decarbonised hydrogen and achieve our common goal to be world leaders in decarbonised hydrogen.
New Delhi, 18 October 2022
The Minister of State for Development, Francophonie and International Partnerships of France, H.E. Ms Chrysoula Zacharopoulou, and Shri R.K. Singh, Hon’ble Minister of Power, New and Renewable Energy, Government of India, today adopted the “Indo-French Roadmap on the Development of Green Hydrogen”.
France and India believe that decarbonised hydrogen holds immense potential to decarbonise our economies, and both have adopted ambitious national hydrogen strategies. On 4th May 2022, on the occasion of their meeting in Paris, President Emmanuel Macron and Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave a clear mandate to foster bilateral cooperation on hydrogen. The adoption of this roadmap delivers on this mandate. It aims to bring the French and Indian hydrogen ecosystems together in order to establish a reliable and sustainable value chain for decarbonised hydrogen and achieve our common goal to be world leaders in decarbonised hydrogen.
On this occasion, Minister Chrysoula Zacharopoulou said: “Today, I am proud to open this ambitious new chapter in the Indo-French partnership for the planet. France and India are teaming up to power the decarbonised hydrogen industry of the future. Coming a few weeks ahead of COP27, it sends a strong message of our two countries’ commitment to a low-carbon future. This ambitious and tangible roadmap will help accelerate our clean energy transitions and meet our carbon neutrality targets”.
Through this Roadmap, France and India commit to working together on:
- establishing a regulatory framework for developing a decarbonised hydrogen value chain, covering production, storage, transportation and consumption.
- developing robust carbon-content certification methods to certify the carbon content of decarbonised hydrogen throughout its lifecycle. Knowledge sharing and skill development programmes between certification bodies will be encouraged.
- fostering R&D to improve hydrogen technologies. To this end, France and India will facilitate cooperation between their relevant research institutions, including by facilitating visa issuance for researchers.
- supporting the industrial partnerships between French and Indian energy industries. France and India will facilitate contacts between economic actors, facilitate administrative procedures, and support pilot projects where suitable.
France and India are committed to a sustainable and inclusive future. They played a key role in the negotiations of the Paris Agreement by jointly launching the International Solar Alliance during COP21 in 2015. They have since committed to reaching carbon neutrality by 2050 and 2070, respectively. The Indo-French partnership in sustainable development is based on two pillars: (i) cooperation agreements in the fields of renewable energy, environment protection and sustainable urban development, and (ii) extensive technical exchanges and joint projects on the previous subjects.
France and India promote green hydrogen as a means to reduce greenhouse gas emissions of several hard-to-abate sectors including refining, heavy mobility, petrochemicals, fertilisers, steel and cement.
India has developed the National Green Hydrogen Mission which aims to develop India as the global hub for green hydrogen production and export.
Green hydrogen has therefore become a priority area of cooperation for both India and France. It is identified as one of the four areas of interest in the Memorandum of Understanding signed between the Indian Ministry for New and Renewable Energy and the Ministry for the Ecological Transition of the French Republic in January 2021.
Without prejudice to the aforementioned dialogue, France and India intend to take a new step and strengthen the existing institutional and economic cooperation on green hydrogen. In view of the above, both sides adopt this roadmap to enhance their bilateral exchanges on the development of a reliable and sustainable green hydrogen value chain.
1. Cooperation in building a regulatory framework for developing a green hydrogen value chain
Green hydrogen has significant potential to reduce the carbon footprint of multiple sectors of the economy, including but not limited to:
- the industrial sector, for processes such as steel or cement production or refining;
- the transport sector, especially for heavy mobility and goods transport (trucks, trains, planes, ships);
- the production of fertilizers;
- the energy sector, providing added flexibility to power grids.
Recognizing that the development of a regulatory and normative framework to structure a safe and reliable green hydrogen production, storage, transportation and consumption is an essential prerequisite for the large-scale diffusion of green hydrogen technology in the economy,
France and India intend to jointly work on building such frameworks in respective countries. Both countries commit to foster exchanges between their regulatory and normative bodies, through the organisation of technical workshops and thematic sessions.
2. Cooperation in the field of carbon content-certification
Hydrogen is a proven technology in many parts of the world, but its production relies heavily on the use of fossil fuels. To contribute to the energy transition, it is crucial to accelerate the development of green hydrogen production methods, in particular using electricity from green and clean sources such as renewable or nuclear power. In this objective, France and India recognise the importance of setting up robust, transparent, trustworthy and compatible mechanisms to certify the carbon content of green hydrogen all along its lifecycle.
France and India intend to work together to develop certification methods for green hydrogen. Knowledge sharing, as well as skill development programmes between accredited certification bodies in India and France, shall be encouraged.
3. Foster scientific cooperation and research partnerships on green hydrogen
Convinced that hydrogen is a central energy carrier for the decarbonisation of our economies, and that research is crucial to improve hydrogen technologies (including their efficiency and multiple applications), both countries aim to contribute to scientific and technical knowledge. India and France will therefore, encourage R&D cooperation between their research institutions, or Universities and other research Institutes, and facilitate visa issuance and authorisations necessary for researchers involved in these. India and France would also support development of joint innovation clusters for development of cutting edge technologies for affordable large-scale production, storage and distribution of green hydrogen, and its utilization in a range of sectors.
Both countries will seek to mobilize existing bilateral scientific and R&D programs to support joint projects focusing on the production, transport, usages of green hydrogen.
More broadly, each side will regularly involve the other in conferences, workshops and colloquiums on green hydrogen and sustainable development that it is likely to organise.
4. Support the development of industrial partnerships
France and India affirm their commitment to working together to foster industrial and institutional partnerships to close the gap between the Indian and French Green hydrogen industrial ecosystems. Initiatives will be led by a network of Indian and French industrial players already committed to the energy transition. Such partnerships would be complementary to the projects currently carried out or under development by Indian and French companies to decarbonize electricity generation (i.e., renewable or nuclear power). For instance, NPCIL and EDF’s flagship project to build the world’s largest nuclear power plant (about 10 GW) in Jaitapur would significantly increase clean electricity generation. India and France would also explore opportunities for partnerships for manufacturing of electrolysers and other critical components of green hydrogen value chain in both countries.
India and France will make Green hydrogen a priority in the development of their economic relationships. They will facilitate contacts between policy makers, business organisations, and industrial clusters of both countries such as France Hydrogen or National Green Hydrogen Mission of India. Technical workshops and business sessions will be organised to foster exchanges and knowledge sharing between the two economic and industrial ecosystems.
France and India will consider, supporting pilot projects focusing on the production, transport and industrial applications of Green hydrogen, and commit to facilitate the administrative procedures required to implement the projects within a mutually defined period of time.