COP21 / Paris 2015
France was officially declared as the host country for the 21st Climate Conference in 2015 (Paris 2015) during the 19th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change held in Warsaw (COP19).
The COP21 – which is also referred to as Paris 2015 – will be one of the biggest international conferences to be organised on French territory.
As such, France will face a two-fold challenge:
- As the host country, for two weeks, France will have to host thousands of delegates and observers in optimal conditions, under the auspices of the United Nations;
- As the presiding COP country, France must act as a facilitator for all the parties to the negotiations to create an atmosphere of trust, reconcile viewpoints, and enable the unanimous adoption of an agreement.
This conference is crucial as it must culminate in an international climate agreement that will help cap global warming under 2°C.
Based on the deliberations of the Lima COP20, it must lead to a number of decisions in December 2015.
First of all, an ambitious and binding agreement to meet the challenge of climate disruption that will apply to all countries must be reached.
Next, come national contributions (INDC), which will represent the effort that each country considers it can implement. Financing the fight against climate change will also be an essential constituent, one step of which has been taken with the initial capitalization of the Green Climate Fund to the tune of 9.3 billion USD – almost one billion of which was France’s outlay. Further, the initiatives developed at the infra-State level by local autonomous bodies, civil society organisations and companies will expand mobilisation and add to the contributions of the States.
The future French chair has chosen to support an agenda of solutions in view of Paris 2015. This refers to all the initiatives complementary to the international agreement, taken at the local level by governments, local authorities as well as non-State actors that contribute to bolstering the commitments of the States with regard to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, adaptation to the impacts of climate disruption and financing. This agenda of solutions is based on the exchange of good practices, and the transfer of know-how and technologies necessary for the transition towards low-carbon economies.